Marine Protected Area
The marine protected Area was established in 2009, covers an area of 2,332.00 ha in the sea, to which is added one hectare of shoreline.
Like other Italian Marine protected areas is zoned to varying degrees of protection to suit the needs of conservation with the sustainable use of resources offered by the territory, through a separate regulation of human activities.
With vast meadows of Posidonia between the leaves of which is found the "Pen shell (Pinna nobilis) bivalve mollusk protected species, sponges, corals, sea fans, and a score of underwater caves and submerged that represent a real paradise for diving enthusiasts.
The "Costa degli Infreschi and Masseta", which stretches between the inhabitants of Marina di Scario (North) and Camrerota (South), is among the protected areas of Campania with more recent history.
Located at the southern end of cilentan plateau, is known for the wild beauty of the landscape emerged, almost for nothing man-made, but little known for its spectacular underwater environments and very valuable water quality.
The emerged part of the Costa degli Infreschi, named after the Cove of Porto Infreschi the town centre, lies mainly in the town of Camerota and only part of that of San Giovanni a Piro, with its marina and the coast of drain Masseta.
Highlights of advanced settings of this coastline are the high limestone cliffs, the foothills of Mount Bulgheria and the numerous caves, many of which also submerged or partially submerged, who hosted the man since prehistoric times.
The area of "integral reserve" (area A) extends from Punta Levante Cala Bianca and, passing by Punta degli Iscocelli (northern limit of the Gulf of Policastro), up to Santa Maria Grotto. With its 36 hectares, is just 2% of the entire marine protected area but is the "heart", the place with the highest biological and ecological value, from which the bodies after publication is not disturbed by human activities, can spread and repopulate the surrounding air.
Also the remaining part of the marine protected area (98% of the extension) hosts sites of particular environmental value but, unlike the zone, it can be educational, recreational and economic activities (bathing, nautoica, professional fishing and sport, diving, sightseeing tours etc. ), obviously with environmentally friendly mode.
The main elements of the underwater landscape are: just below the surface of the water, the "marciappiedi" of Lithophillum calcareous bioconstructions features forming alga byssoides, protruding from the rocks; more depth, "coral coast Rock" bioconstructions carbonate, the richest biodiversity habitats of the Mediterranean.
Note also the presence of vast meadows of Posidonia oceanica, among whose leaves it comes back the "Pen shell (Pinna nobilis), protected species of shellfish bivalde, index of a good state of preservation of the Prairies; in particular, in the eastern part of port Infreschi (sub-zone B ++), was found a "field" particularly dense of these great baldock, perhaps core wreck of a population once more common in posidonieti of the entire area. Both the underwater Prairies where both bioconstructions carbonate play a very important role for human survival on the planet, so it is important to avoid damaging, with acoraggi and overuse of lines; in fact, the first are among the main "traps" of carbon dioxide, greenhouse gases that are causing global warming, while the latter, in addition to producing large amounts of oxygen, partly ceded to the atmosphere, with their roots harness sediments, counteracting the erosion of coasts. The building biology of coral formations, along the Mediterranean coast, are the felesie of the most famous tropical coral reefs (coral reef). Made up of a wide variety of organisms with calcareous shells or structures (melobesie, sponges, corals, sea fans, serpule, bryozoans, sea squirts, etc. host many species of commercial interest), including groupers, ombres, bream, snapper, shrimp, lobster, lobster, etc. .. For their great biodiversity and for the spectacle of shapes and colours of the organisms that inhabit the environment preferred by divers. A recent survey of underwater caves in Italy, was found in the marine protected area there are more than twenty, is partially submerged, is completely submerged. The caves are rare and precious sottoamrine laboratories for the study of life in extreme conditions, similar to those of the deep; in fact, because of the rapid extinction of light necessary for photosynthesis, these environments are practically free of plants and herbivorous animals and are inhabited by organisms sometimes very special and important for maintaining biodiversity, dependent on detritus from outside and carried inside by water movement.